First Aid and Evaluating Emergencies

Basic First Aid Supplies For Pets

  • Appropriately Sized Muzzle
  • Appropriately Sized Pet Carrier
  • Spare Leash
  • Glucose Paste Or Corn Syrup
  • Hydrogen Peroxide – 3% Usp
  • Triple Antibiotic Ointment
  • Water Based Lubricant
  • Digital Thermometer
  • Blanket Or Towel
  • Scissors
  • Medical Tape
  • Gauze
  • Mild Grease-Cutting Dishwashing Liquid
  • Saline  Eye Solution
  • Artificial Tear Gel
  • Tweezers Or Forceps
  • Large Medical Syringe Or Bulb Syringe
  • A Stock Of Your Pet’s Favorite Wet Food
  • A Detailed Up-To-Date List Of Medications Your Pet Is Prescribed

Normal Animal Vitals



Resting Heart Rate

Resting Respiratory Rate



80-120 Beats Per Minute

15-30 Breaths Per Minute



100-140 Beats Per Minute

20-30 Breaths Per Minute

One Way To Determine Vital Information About Your Pet’s Condition Is To Check His/Her Gum Color. Raise Your Pet’s Lip Loosely And Look At The Gums. Normal Gum Color Should Be Bubble Gum Pink. If Your Pet’s Gum Color Is Deep Red, Very Pale Pink, White Or Gray, You Should Contact A Veterinarian Immediately.

Evaluating Pet Emergencies

Knowing When To Seek Medical Attention For Pets Is Important. The Following List Provides Some Guidelines For When To Seek Help For Your Pet. This Is In No Way A Complete List And It Is Always Recommended To Consult A Veterinarian If In Doubt.

  • Pale Gums
  • Any Suspected Poisoning
  • Allergic Reactions Or Facial Swelling
  • Eye Injuries (No Matter How Mild)
  • Labored Breathing (Open mouth in a cat)
  • Uncontrollable Bleeding Or Lacerations
  • Trauma: Hit By A Vehicle Or Animal Fights
  • Seizure, Tremoring, Fainting Or Collapse
  • Temperature >103.5
  • Bone Fractures Or Limb Swelling
  • Immobility Or Loss Of Balance
  • Vomiting (More Than Twice In 24 Hours)
  • Diarrhea (Lasting Longer Than 12 Hours)
  • Bloated, Tense, Tender Or Painful Abdomen
  • Difficulty Urinating Or Defecating
  • Birthing Difficulties:
  • Continuous Contractions For 1 Hour Without A Birth
  • Puppy Or Kitten Showing Without Delivery After 20 Minutes

Aspca Animal Poison Control: (888) 426-4435

Pet Poison Helpline: (800)213-6680